Learning is the process of acquiring new knowledge and skills. In this sense, learning is a lifelong activity that occurs throughout one’s lifetime. It can be a very personal experience but involves interaction with others.
It is a complex process that is influenced by many different factors. These factors can be either internal or external to the learner.
Three Stages of Learning
Learning involves the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, and behaviors through experience. The term “learning” can refer to internal or external influences that affect how we learn.
It occurs in three stages:
- Acquisition (the acquisition of information)
- Assimilation (the organization of that information into long-term memory)
- Retention (retaining information after it has been learned).
Learning is influenced by:
Learning, unlike memory, is a more dynamic process. It involves changing the way you think, behave and react to new situations as your knowledge grows.
There are internal factors that influence how we learn and external factors that also affect this process.
1. Internal Factors
Internal factors are things within our minds that affect how we learn. Motivation, attitude, and self-concept are all internal factors that influence learning.
- Attitude (your positive or negative feelings about learning)
- Motivation (building the desire to learn)
- Self-concept (how much each aspect of yourself affects what kind of person you are)
- Support (people who give encouragement when needed)
Internal factors are important because they are within our control.
For example, if you have a strong desire to learn something new then it will be easier for you to do so than if your motivation is low or nonexistent.
Similarly, if someone has an optimistic outlook on life then their attitude towards learning will be more positive than someone who doesn’t believe in themselves as much (or at all).
2. External Factors
External factors also influence learning. For example, teachers and students being in comfortable environments with adequate resources allow for effective learning to occur.
- Environment (such as whether classes are held in school buildings or at home)
- Access to books (availability of library or other resources)
- Equipment such as computers or microscopes
- Availability of teachers who have expertise on specific topics being taught so students can ask questions if needed
Furthermore, external environmental factors play an essential role in determining how well individuals perform academically – whether they succeed or fail depends on both internal and external conditions!
Some examples of external factors:
- How comfortable are you with your teacher?
- Is there an appropriate level of pressure from them during class discussions?
- Does this encourage open-mindedness about ideas shared by other students?
How Learning Works?
Learning is a process that involves a number of phases.
The first phase is active learning, which means that you have to actively engage with the material on your own. This can be as simple as reading the textbook or watching a video about the topic, but it can also include engaging in discussions with classmates or taking online classes.
The second phase is passive learning, which means that you’re just absorbing information from being exposed to it in some way. For example, if you’re taking a class on computer programming, you might be asked to spend time reading about different programming languages and then write programs for yourself.
The third phase is consolidation, where you take what you’ve learned and apply it in new situations or contexts. This is when you start using what you’ve learned—for example, writing programs for colleagues who need help with their projects or problems solving that come up at work!
Principles of Learning
Learning may also be defined as “the acquisition of knowledge” or “a change in behavior that results from experience.” In other words, it’s about acquiring new skill sets through education or training programs such as apprenticeships or internships (which are typically unpaid positions).
- Learning is a process, not an event.
- It is a lifelong process.
- It is a continuous cycle.
- Active participation is involved in the learning process.
- Every learner has their own learning style and needs to be met by the learning environment.
The Bottom Line
Learning is a lifelong process. Although it’s difficult to quantify precisely how much of an impact each factor has on learning, it’s clear that the more we understand these factors and how they interact with one another the better our chances of improving educational outcomes for students.
How to improve Learning?